Paul Dudenhefer

Paul Dudenhefer

"My writing has appeared in numerous academic journals, and as a result I have worked with many manging editors and copyeditors. No experience has been as rewarding as working with Paul Dudenhefer.  I always accept Paul’s edits, and in his small or large changes to my prose, my ideas come out brighter, more forceful and above all with a flow that I happily claim as my own. Having worked with historians and economists for many years, Paul understands the grammar and semantics of our work, a knowledge that few editors ever get a chance to acquire. Paul will always be my editor of choice." --Tiago Mata, University College London

I provide a number of editorial services. The following will help you decide which one is right for you. The order corresponds to the state your paper or manuscript might be in, from closest to publication (proofreading) to farthest from publication (developmental editing).

Proofreading. Proofreading, or reading “proofs” or “page proofs,” is the last reading you give a document before it is finally printed and distributed in published form. When I proofread, I correct certain errors only: spelling errors, grammatical errors, typographical errors, and factual errors. Once you get to the proofreading stage, the time for making substantive changes to your document has passed. (The last substantive changes should have been made in the copyediting stage.)

Formatting. Formatting refers to making your document conform to the publisher’s or journal’s formatting specifications. For example, many publishers require that your reference list and system of documentation be formatted a certain way before you can even submit your paper for possible publication. I can format your paper so that it conforms with the publisher’s or journal’s requirements. Formatting can be either a service unto itself or a part of copyediting.

Copyediting. Copyediting refers to editing “copy,” the version of your document that is one step away from proofreading. A document ready for copyediting should be close to its final form. By now, you should have worked out what you want to say and how you want to say it. You can still, at this stage, rewrite sentences and perhaps even some paragraphs; but by and large, the content, and the order of the content, have already been determined. The time for major revisions has passed.

Copyediting involves more than proofreading. When I copyedit, I do the following. (1) Correct any errors—spelling, typographical, grammatical, idiomatic, factual. (2) Revise passages for ease of reading and the like. (3) Check reference citations for consistency (although not necessarily for accuracy). (4) Edit for consistency (e.g., make sure terms and names are spelled the same throughout). (5) If requested and provided with a style guide, edit for house style and the publisher’s formatting requirements. (6) Query any unclear or puzzling statements or passages, reference citations, and the like, and perhaps suggest revisions. 

For copyediting, I prefer a Word version (not a PDF) of your document, as any changes I make can be easily indicated using the Track Changes function in Word. Having said that, I know that many of you write your papers in LaTeX. I will thus accept a PDF file, but if you can, double space the text, and be advised that the copyediting will take more time.

Developmental editing. Developmental editing happens when you, the author, are still working out your ideas and what you want to say. During developmental editing, I will read your draft and focus mainly on the major components of your project, such as the following:

·      Your argument and supporting evidence

·      The way in which you introduce your arguments and put them in context

·      The potential appeal of your document to your intended audience

·      The extent to which your document conforms to the genre you have in mind

·      The extent to which your document conforms to your stated aims and goals